Definition of psychosocial risks (PSR):
(Source : site of the ANACT, National Agency for the Improvement of Working Conditions)
According to the services of the Ministry of Labor, the psychosocial risks cover in reality occupational risks of a varied nature and origin that involve the physical integrity and the mental health of employees and, therefore have an impact on the overall functioning of companies. They are called "psycho-social" because they are at the interface of the individual (the "psycho") and his or her work situation".
The (PSR) are therefore a multifaceted phenomenon in which we generally regroup work related chronic stress, bullying, sexual harassment, assault and violence, internal or external to the company, and the burnout syndrome.
However, no legal definition for these risks exists. Instead, European and national agreements propose definitions for stress, harassment and violence. The European Agency for health and work security from Bilbao wrote that "a state of stress occurs when there is imbalance between the perception that a person has of the constraints imposed by his or her environment and the perception that he or she has of his or her own resources to cope."
The multi-factorial risks
(Source : site Work better of the French Ministry of Labor)
If everyone agrees that several factors drive the PSRs that characterize both the organization of the work and the inter-individual relationships, it is important to remember that PSRs are known and highlighted by a vast scientific literature. They can be grouped into 4 large families of factors: